Marine Aquarium Water Quality

Fish and other marine organism are directly influence by the chemical, biological, and physical characteristic of their environment. The water the constant current, wind and other factors that maintain relative uniformity of the water mass. As a result, reef organism are not subjected to wide fluctuations in the chemical and water. When there is a change itis usually of short enough duration that the animals are not adversely affected.
The situation in an aquarium is radically different. The marine aquarium water is not subject to constant renewal as in the ocean. In contrast to a coral reef, aquarium water is subject to extensive alternation after the introduction of marine organism.

The alternation of marine aquarium water is due to the build up of chemicals that originate from various biochemical processes, most importantly from the metabolic activities of fish, invertebrates, and algae. If these chemicals are permitted to accumulate to concentration beyond what the marine animals can tolerate, the survival of the inhabitants will be placed in jeopardy. The toxicity of some of these chemicals is lethal to the inhabitants in very low concentrations. So regular testing of marine aquarium water and periodic water changes are crucial for maintaining water quality within acceptable parameters.

Marine Aquarium water

Natural Seawater

Seawater is an extremely complex solution composed of numerous chemical compounds, both organic and inorganic. Sodium chloride, or common table salt, is the most abundant inorganic compound in seawater, followed by other major component such as magnesium chloride, magnesium sulfate, and calcium carbonate. Smaller concentrations of trace elements are also dissolved in seawater and include molybdenum, selenium, cesium, vanadium, and zinc . though these elements are in extremely low concentrations, they are important to biological processes of many organism, including algae and invertebrates.

Marine aquarium can be filled with either natural seawater or freshwater plus a synthetic seawater mix. Natural seawater must go through a conditioning process before being used in aquarium. Natural seawater contains numerous microscopic organism, both plant (phytoplankton) and animal ( zooplankton). If the water is not properly conditioned by dark storage for a few weeks, the death of these organisms could radically alter the chemistry of the water, endangering you aquarium specimens. Secondly, unconditioned water could transmit infectious diseases to your marine fish. Some aquarist prefer to collect their own water, but it is safer and more convenient to use a good quality synthetic sea salt mix. This is especially true for the new marine aquarist who will find the storage and filtering procedures bothersome and time consuming.

If you decide to collect your own seawater, it must be collected away from inshore areas that could be polluted from fertilizer runoff, sewage heavy metals, insecticides, or other pollutants. Inshore water also often contain large quantities of suspended particulates. Collect seawater only i n nontoxic plastic containers with good fitting caps. The water should be stored in closed plastic or glass containers for several weeks before use. After storage, you will note on the container bottoms a fine layer of sediment that should not be added to your aquarium. After addition to the aquarium, the water should be subjected to filtration and aeration for several hours before addition a fish. It also recommended that several water tests be conducted. Including pH, ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate to insure that they are within safe levels.

Synthetic seawater

The invention of a synthetic sea  salt mix for keeping  marine fish and invertebrates in aquariums was a major achievement that enabled anyone anywhere to set up a marine aquarium.  It allowed the convenience of preparing seawater by mixing freshwater with a salt mix. The earlier formulations were inadequate to support fish, and especially invertebrates. Some formulations used inferior grades of chemicals and often some salt didn’t dissolve completely. Today there are various excellent commercially produced salt mixes that are readily available in aquarium and pet shops. Experience has demonstrated that these synthetic mixes are superior for supporting marine life.

The major of advantages of preparing synthetic seawater are that it is free if pollutants and micro organisms that could transmit disease or foul the water, there is no need for storage of extra seawater, and the preparation can be used within a short time after mixing.

source : The Saltwater Aquarium Handbook, by : Blasiola, George C.

Aquarium Hydrometer or Refractometers

When you decide to keep your lovely fish, make sure to consider where you’re likely to place your aquarium correctly. That thing prevent in case as you grow your own aquarium and learn more regarding your new hobby, you’re likely to need to add extras.

Tank Setup

Attempt to have in mind what type of fish you are going to want to have in your aquarium because that will find out the size of the tank you’re going to need. A minimal 50 gallon Saltwater aquarium is a good idea. If you’re planning to begin a marine aquarium then you have to remember there are a number of things like protein skimmers and wave manufacturers that are absolutely necessary for your aquarium. The other power heads, pumps and timers are usually sold separately. However, it might be possible to find a package deal with all the essential components to earn a wave maker fully operational. Besides, even in any condition the aquarium ought to have a very good filtration system.

And additional kit that important for saltwater aquarium maintenance is aquarium hydrometer. This device help us to monitoring the salinity of water. Another option for aquarium hydrometer is refractometers, it more accurate but also more expensive than hydrometer. Those two kinds device have different method of reading salinity of water.

Aquarium Hydrometer

Aquarium Maintenance Tips

The big one means better

It’s highly encouraged to purchase the biggest aquarium as possible. Purchase the largest aquarium you’re able to afford to purchase. Remember that fish grow. Also, fish and plants will thrive whether the aquarium is correctly maintained. When deciding on your fish you will need to choose heartier fish. You will have to make certain that any fish that you’ve added can handle it that warm for a protracted time period, then you should feed your fish the best quality foods you’re able. Finally, you wish to consider how large the fish will get and not how big the fish is if you place it in the tank. After all was set up then you have to do regularly the aquarium maintenance.

A larger tank will stabilize the environment better so it’s going to be a lot easier to keep the suitable temperature and pH-balance. That’s why some people said “The very best tank is the largest tank.” Make sure the furniture where you’re likely to set the aquarium can carry its weight.

There are lots of things to contemplate when it’s to do with keeping a healthful fish tank. First thing is, to get a wholesome fish, it’s important to keep the water sparkling clean. It’s also sensible to test the water for just about any unbalance and behave accordingly. Installing a filter will permit the water to circulate through a filter medium that serves as a purifier. And for natural aquarium surface cleaner, we can put some snail or algae eater fish. Of course this is under any certain condition.

Aquarium Fish Maintenance Tips

You also ought to be cautious of what you fish you set into your tank. It is difficult to clean a tank that’s overfilled with fish. To make it easy you can keep the fish remain in the tank.
After the tank running well for a long time, It is possible to add new fish as soon as your numbers seem great! Be cautious with this in addition to the temperature and tailor it to the fish that you have set in there ( if you have fish in there).Although you desperately need to add additional fish, it’s very important that you avoid temptation and wait for 8 weeks. In the end, you should think about the quantity of fish in the tank.

You’ve got to bring the fish and then the bacteria will begin to grow. Allow beneficial germs to increase in number to keep to maintain your aquarium toxic free. Instead locate a way to get it grow from the water. The fish needs to be fed two times daily. Fish get nearly all of their energy from fat because their digestive system can’t handle meat. If you’re looking at having a lovely tank of fish that’s healthy, but really have to prevent water fluctuations as much as possible there are things you can do. If you receive a tiny size fish tank, it’s highly advisable to purchase a mobile one as a backup in the event that you need to isolate certain fishes. Or when we found some fish with disease symptom, we should quickly isolate them to another tank. Before it affect to another fish.

Live Plants for Aquarium

You really need to have a great deal of plants so that they can make certain they’re cleaning up the space nicely. Live plants may be problematic for a newcomer but they are not hard to manage once you get the hang of it. Live plants may also help because they’re usually covered in bacteria also and decorations, drift wood, or stones which have been in a tank can all help. You may want to make certain that you select plants that will grow from the lighting conditions which you’ve got. Plastic plants are more easy to get, inexpensive, and even arrive in fancy colors Even the happiest plants will take a small care.
After all you’ve read aquarium maintenance tips above you may think that possessing an aquarium isn’t purely enjoyable. But in the end it’s all worth it.

Cichlids Fish Family

Fish are by far among the greatest pets on earth. Though in a large dimension, the fish is quite agile. Beside, aquarium fish will definitely help you calm your nerves and offer a peaceful, serene environment in your own residence. If you are really want to buy an aquarium, then the community fish are the very best varieties of fish which can be brought home by a very first time fish owner. In the other side, there are additional kinds of fish for an aquarium that could be categorized further in the couple of groups. These fish come in an enormous choice of colors,  various sizes and look very pretty. In some types may look small, but they are full of energy and live very long! It’s called cichlids fish.

Cichlids Fish

Aquarium fish are divided according to the sort of water they’re located in. Besides, there also an aggressive and semi-aggressive fish. One of cichlid family’s, the Oscar fish is among the most-loved aquarium fish. Since these fish will most likely damage internal heaters and filters, you ought to use external gear.

You might have a fish tank of some exotic fish even in your house. Aquariums have always been part of my property. Make sure the furniture where you’re most likely to set the aquarium can carry its weight. Also the water has to be altered invisibly. To have a wholesome fish, it’s important to keep the water sparkling clean. Installing a filter will enable the water to circulate through a filter medium that functions as a purifier. Allow the excellent germs to increase in number to continue to keep your aquarium toxic free.

If we look for simple maintenance purpose, then It is better to fill the tanks with just one sort of fish, yet there’s not to Synspilum Chichlids colored the exact same. If you’re keeping a tank with the specific freshwater exotic fish species, then taking care of these is going to be easier. A big tank with large filters is imperative to keep up the health of those fish. If you put money into a larger tank to start with then you won’t need to keep changing them in future. It’s highly encouraged to purchase the biggest aquarium potential.

The wide array of eating habits has genuinely allowed cichlid fish to occupy quite a few habitats. There’s an immense choice of fish and their sub types to pick out of your freshwater fish tank setup. You’ve got a selection of hundreds of kinds of those fish species. You will see in this list their common names together with their scientific names in tables bellow.

Some people think that being a fish keepers are need extra time and skill. If you are thinking about how they do it, then you even may breed fish in water tanks as they done. For breeding purposes, you must have no less than a 180 gallon tank. It isn’t difficult as we think. Assuming we have spirit and determination. And if you don’t think that you’ll have the ability to feed your fish in the right situations daily, then you just have to think about installing an automated feeding machine.

African Cichlids – Malawi Peacock Cichlids
African Butterfly PeacockAulonocara jacobfreibergi
Aulonocara Blue GoldAulonocara korneliae
Aulonocara Fort MaguireAulonocara hansbaenschi
Flavescent PeacockAulonocara stuartgranti
Maulana Bicolor PeacockAulonocara stuartgranti
Nkhomo Benga PeacockAulonocara baenschi
Rubin Red PeacockAulonocara stuartgranti
Sunshine PeacockAulonocara stuartgranti
African Cichlids – Malawi Zebra Cichlids – Mbuna Cichlids
Blue DaktariMaylandia sp. daktari
Bumblebee MouthbrooderPseudotropheus crabro
Demanson’s CichlidPseudotropheus demasoni
Kenyi CichlidMaylandia lombardoi
Pseudotropheus BarlowiMaylandia barlowi
Pseudotropheus Ice BlueMaylandia greshakei
Red ZebraMaylandia estherae
Tropheops Red CheekPseudotropheus tropheops tropheops
African Cichlids – Tanganyika Goby Cichlids
Blue Goby CichlidSpathodus erythrodon
Plain Goby CichlidSpathodus marlieri
Spotfin Goby CichlidTanganicodus irsacae
Tanganyikan Goby CichlidEretmodus cyanostictus
African Cichlids – Tanganyika Tropheus Cichlids
Blue-Eyed TropheusTropheus brichardi
Blunthead CichlidTropheus moorii
Poll’s TropheusTropheus polli
Tropheus CichlidsTropheus sp.
White Spotted CichlidTropheus duboisi
African Cichlids – Victoria Cichlids – West African Cichlids
False Mpozo Lionhead CichlidSteatocranus glaber
Kribensis CichlidPelvicachromis pulcher
Lionhead CichlidSteatocranus casuarius
Nanochromis transvestitusNanochromis transvestitus
Dwarf Cichlids – South American Cichlids – West African Cichlids
Agassizi CichlidApistogramma agassizii
Black-Stripe Dwarf CichlidTaeniacara candidi
Bolivian RamMikrogeophagus altispinosus
Cockatoo CichlidApistogramma cacatuoides
Panda Dwarf CichlidApistogramma nijsseni
Rainbow CichlidHerotilapia multispinosa
Ram CichlidMikrogeophagus ramirezi
South American Cichlids – Angelfish-Discus-Hybrids
Altum AngelfishPterophyllum altum
Angelfish – CommonPterophyllum scalare
Blood Parrot
Discus FishSymphysodon aequifasciata
Flowerhorn Cichlid
Heckel DiscusSymphysodon discus
African Cichlids – Malawi Cichlids
AuratusMelanochromis auratus
Blue mooriiCyrtocara moorii
Dogtooth CichlidCynotilapia afra
Electric Blue HapSciaenochromis fryeri
Electric Blue JohanniiMelanochromis johannii
Electric Yellow CichlidLabidochromis caeruleus
Livingstoni CichlidNimbochromis livingstonii
MainganoMelanochromis cyaneorhabdos
Malawi EyebiterDimidiochromis compressiceps
Red EmpressProtomelas taeniolatus
Red Fin KadangoCopadichromis borleyi
Trewavas Red-Finned CichlidLabeotropheus trewavasae
VenustusNimbochromis venustus
African Cichlids – Tanganyika Cichlids
Blue Neon CichlidParacyprichromis nigripinnis
Brevis ShelldwellerNeolamprologus brevis
Callochromis macropsCallochromis macrops
Compressed CichlidAltolamprologus compressiceps
Convict JulieJulidochromis regani
Cylinder CichlidNeolamprologus cylindricus
Daffodil CichlidNeolamprologus pulcher
Dickfeld’s JulieJulidochromis dickfeldi
Fairy CichlidNeolamprologus brichardi
Five-Bar CichlidNeolamprologus tretocephalus
FrontosaCyphotilapia frontosa
Gold NasutaOphthalmotilapia nasuta
Lemon CichlidNeolamprologus leleupi
Marlier’s JulieJulidochromis marlieri
Masked JulieJulidochromis transcriptus
Sardine CichlidCyprichromis leptosoma
SexfasciatusNeolamprologus sexfasciatus
Tanganyikan ButterflyXenotilapia papilio
White Pearly CalvusAltolamprologus calvus
White-Tailed BrichardiNeolamprologus gracilis
South American Cichlids – Large Cichlids
Black Belt CichlidVieja maculicauda
Blue AcaraAequidens pulcher
Convict CichlidArchocentrus nigrofasciatus
Electric Blue Jack DempseyCichlasoma octofasciatum
Firemouth CichlidThorichthys meeki
Flag CichlidMesonauta festivus
Golden SeverumHeros severus
Green TerrorAndinoacara rivulatus
Jack Dempsey FishCichlasoma octofasciatum
Jaguar CichlidParachromis managuensis
Midas CichlidAmphilophus citrinellus
Nicaragua CichlidHypsophrys nicaraguensis
OscarAstronotus ocellatus
Peacock CichlidCichla ocellaris
Pearl CichlidGeophagus brasiliensis
Pike CichlidCrenicichla lepidota
Port AcaraCichlasoma portalegrense
Red Devil CichlidAmphilophus labiatus
Redhump EartheaterGeophagus steindachneri
Salvini CichlidCichlasoma salvini
Texas CichlidHerichthys cyanoguttatus
Uaru CichlidUaru amphiacanthoides
Wolf CichlidParachromis dovii

Source :